First World War histories largely ignore the scientists and their important role in the war. Five Nobel laureates worked in Fritz Haber’s poison gas project, by the end of the war his group included 150 academics and more than 1,300 NCOs, soldiers, and women. To call attention to the role of science in the war the book examines six case histories – five of them of Britons whose letters and reports are available in the archives. The German is Otto Hahn (poison gas) The British are Ernest Starling (treatment of wound shock and food allocation), Chaim Weizmann (explosives), WH Bragg (sonar). WL Bragg (sound localization of artillery), AV Hill (anti-aircraft gunnery). Their stories bring in their Allied co-workers and their enemy competitors.The British government never mobilized the scientists – they found their way in through side doors. Two of the British protagonists laid the groundwork for their highly effective scientific mobilization in the Second World War, which is revealed in the final chapter.
||234 x 156 mm
||15 July 2014
||34 black-and-white photographs
William Van der Kloot, Distinguished Professor emeritus at Stony Brook University, has been a scientist at Harvard, Cambridge, Cornell, NYU, and Stony Brook, writing 160 papers and a scientific textbook: Behavior (Holt, Reinhardt and Winston, 1968). In recent years he has written two books on the First World War: The Lessons of War: The Experiences of Seven Future Leaders in the First World War and World War 1 Fact Book. He has also published five papers about scientific work during the First World War in the Notes and Records of the Royal Society.