Author(s): Walter S. Zapotoczny Jr.
The holocaust began for the Slovak Jews in the autumn of 1938 when Slovakia became an autonomous region. Jewish property was confiscated, and businesses liquidated at bargain prices all in an effort to Aryanise the country.
However, by 26 March 1942, the first trainloads of Jews deported from Slovakia embarked to their final destination at Auschwitz and death camps in the Lublin area. The mechanism for rounding-up the Jews and subsequent forced deportation was the Hlinka Guard.
By October 1942, the Hlinka Guard had overseen the deportation of some 60,000 Slovak Jews. During the 1944-1945 German occupation from 1944 to 1945, another 13,500 Jews were deported and 5,000 imprisoned. Many of the Jews ended up at the Auschwitz Birkenau concentration and extermination camp.
After a brief respite, the Hlinka Guard once again took to persecuting Jews throughout Slovakia. Slovak gypsies (Roma) were also persecuted by the Hlinka Guard.
Hlinka Guards were used to do the dirty work, killing suspect Roma rebels in front of their wives and children, and then murdering the entire family.
|234 x 156 mm
|30 August 2022
|31 black-and-white photographs