Author(s): Philip Birtles
With technology of the Hurricane being at the end of the biplane combat era, there was an urgent requirement for a modern fighter with a capability ahead of anticipated fighter development for the Luftwaffe.
Led by Sydney Camm, the Hawker design team created the all-metal stressed skin structure and the Typhoon was powered by the revolutionary Napier Sabre engine. Whereas the Hurricane had been developed in peacetime, the Typhoon was designed during the war, when the urgency of the programme caused the development of both the airframe and engine to be accelerated, resulting in teething troubles not being fully solved when the aircraft entered service with the RAF.
The much-improved Tempest used the same engine and basic fuselage with thinner lamina flow wings, giving improved performance at high altitude and allowing the destruction of V-1s. Both aircraft made a significant impact on the victory by the Allies during the Second World War, although their low-level ground attack missions were extremely hazardous and resulted in high losses.
|FORMAT||248 x 172 mm|
|PUBLICATION DATE||15 May 2017|
|ILLUSTRATIONS||222 black-and-white photographs|